PRESENTATION OF THE CONSORTIUM
Partner 1: Université Clermont Auvergne (Clermont-Ferrand, France)
Partner 2: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz (Mainz, Germany)
Partner 3: Ilia State University (Tbilisi, Georgia)
Partner 4: University of Wyoming (Laramie, Wy USA)
Partner 1 : Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand is located at the foothills of the Massif Central mountain region in the centre of France. It has around 150000 inhabitants and is the capital of the Puy-de-Dôme department.
The first university in Clermont-Ferrand dates back to the XII century. The current Université Clermont-Auvergne was founded in 2017, merging the Université Blaise Pascal and the Université d’Auvergne. It enrolls nowadays around 35000 students.
Clermont-Ferrand has a long-standing history for the observation of atmosphere. In 1648, the famous experience of Blaise Pascal, demonstrating atmospheric pressure was conducted by walking a barometer from the city centre to the summit of the Puy de Dôme mountain (height 1465m), situated at 12km distance from the cathedral.
In 1871 Emile Alluard founded the first meteorological observatory on the summit of the Puy de Dôme.
The Laboratoire de Météorologie (LaMP) is a research laboratory that is financed partly by the Clermont Auvergne University of Clermont-Ferrand (France) and partly by the French CNRS (French Scientific National Research Council). It regroups about 50 people, organised in 3 research groups around two research themes: “clouds” and “atmospheric aerosol particles”. These subjects are approached through ground-based (instrumented air quality and pollution measurement station on the summit of Puy de Dôme, radars, lidars, ..), airborne (the LaMP is responsible for the microphysical and chemical measurement platform on all French research aircrafts) and spaceborne observations, instrument development, as well as through meso-scale modelling of clouds, aerosol particles and atmospheric chemistry.
The LaMP is part of the Observatoire de Physique du Globe de Clermont-Ferrand (OPGC) that include researchers and engineers who operate the Puy de Dôme monitoring station that contributes to national and international networks (e.g. GAW) addressing atmospheric physics and chemistry.
|Measuring platform on the Puy de Dôme monitoring station
||French ATR-42 with microphysics and chemistry measuring devices
||Model result of the number of aerosol particles processed by marine stratocumulus clouds
The observatory also hosts a school offering Bachelor and a Master degrees in geology and atmospheric sciences. InMAS is associated to the speciality “Atmospheric Sciences and climate” of the Masters degree, taught mainly by the scientists of LaMP.
Partner 2: Mainz
The expertise of IPA at the University of Mainz in close collaboration with the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry (MPIC) in Mainz covers experimental and theoretical cloud physics, trace gas dynamics, dynamic meteorology, as well as Earth System Science.
The experimental groups :
* operate a large vertical wind tunnel facility for studies on the physics and chemistry of precipitation sized hydrometeors,
* a suite of 15 instruments for in-situ measurements on research aircraft from the boundary layer up to a stratospheric altitude of 20 km. The instruments measure trace gases (e.g. CO, N2O), cloud and aerosol physical parameters, as well as the chemical composition of cloud and aerosol particles by mass spectrometry.
* a mobile laboratory (i.e. an instrumented van) for investigations on aerosols and gases in polluted environments.
The theory groups perform numerical simulation studies on
* Atmospheric dynamics: Rossby waves, tropical cyclones, micrometeorology, and the dynamics of the tropopause region
* Theoretical cloud physics: multiscale phenomena in clouds, the interaction between dynamics and microphysical processes of cirrus clouds, the formation of structures in ice clouds, aerosol cloud interaction
* Earth System Science: chemistry – climate Earth system modelling on multiple (up to global) scales, interactions of atmospheric chemistry and dynamics, clouds and convection and their interactions with aerosols and chemistry (using mainly the Modular Earth Submodel System (MESSy) in conjunction with the ECHAM5 climate and the COSMO weather forecast models).
The close collaboration with MPIC offers a unique opportunity for students to benefit from the research oriented study program as well as joint activities of IPA and MPIC.
4.3 Abastumani Astrophysical Observatory at Ilia State University, Atmospheric Research Laboratory
The Laboratory is equipped with the following instruments: lidar M10 system for measurement of vertical distribution of tropospheric aerosols, ozonometer for measurement of total ozone content, all-sky imager for monitoring of dynamical processes in mesopause by OH emission, infrared spectrometer GRIPS-5 for measurement of mesopause temperature, scanning-mirror photometer for measurement of the upper atmosphere emission intensity, Hα photometer, meteorological station, high-frequency GPS for measurements of total electron content.
The staff of the Laboratory has an expertise in lower and upper atmosphere investigation, including their coupling, search for climate change signals in long-term variations in various atmospheric parameters.
Partner 4: Laramie
4.4 University of Wyoming
The Department of Atmospheric Science at the University of Wyoming Research areas include clouds and precipitation, air pollution, mesoscale dynamics, airborne instrumentation, and boundary-layer processes. Most faculty members focus on measurements, except a small group that is expert on model parameterizations of aerosol and cloud processes.
The Department operates a research aircraft (pictured above), equipped with cloud radar, cloud lidar, and a variety of in situ probes to measure cloud microphysics, chemistry, fluxes, pressure perturbations, and basic meteorological variables. The Department also operates a mobile air quality lab. The Department has privileged access to the NCAR Wyoming Supercomputer.